Opinion: In the new shopping world, Albertsons-Kroger merger could provide the competition we need

Chris Cargill of the Mountain States Policy Center analyzes the potential benefit of the Albertsons-Kroger merger for consumers.

Chris Cargill of the Mountain States Policy Center analyzes the potential benefit of the Albertsons-Kroger merger for consumers

Chris Cargill
Mountain States Policy Center

Before you head over to the produce department and grab a few tomatoes to hurl in my direction, hear me out: the Albertsons-Kroger merger could be a very good thing for consumers.

Chris Cargill, Mountain States Policy Center
Chris Cargill, Mountain States Policy Center

Why? Because, like it or not, the way we shop has dramatically changed. More Americans are doing their shopping online or at a discount warehouse. Fewer go inside the grocery store. For many, that weekly trip to the market is becoming a thing of the past. Online and warehouse competition has changed everything – and it has helped lower the cost of many goods.

Walmart, Amazon and Costco are now the major players in the grocery marketplace. Chances are, you’ve purchased an item at one of the three over the past 30 days.

In fact, Walmart/Sam’s Club make up nearly a third – 30 percent – of the U.S. grocery market share. Costco tallies another 7 percent. Amazon is moving quickly and accounts for more than 5 percent. And consider this: Amazon Prime, Walmart+ and Costco have more than 250 million subscriptions.

Even if the Albertsons-Kroger merger proceeds, it would account for just 9 percent of nationwide sales, according to the International Center for Law and Economics. But what it would do is get the attention of the big three – increasing competition with their 42% of the current market share.

Kroger and Albertsons are cognizant of criticisms of the deal. The chains say they will sell 413 stores and eight distribution centers to address any questions about a monopoly in certain communities.

In fact, a review of all of the Albertsons and Kroger locations throughout the country shows very few places where the two stores both have locations.

The Federal Trade Commission is now reviewing the proposal and could rule sometime next year. Kroger-Albertsons says its prepared to fight in court to ensure the merger goes through. No supermarket mergers have been litigated since 1988.

It is likely the largest dispute will be over what defines the term “supermarket.” Does it have to be a traditional brick and mortar location? Will online supermarkets be counted? If not, why? It is clear that Amazon, Walmart and Costco directly compete with Kroger and Albertsons, so why wouldn’t they be included in any merger analysis?

Nearly 30 years ago, supermarkets accounted for 81% of retail sales. That dropped to 61% a decade later, and today, it’s near 50%. Where have all of the customers gone? Online and warehouse stores.

An economist with the Strategic Resource Group recently told Yahoo Finance “Kroger’s acquisition of Albertsons is the last, best, and final chance to level the playing field.”

As with any proposal, there is fear of the unknown. But we shouldn’t let fear destroy an opportunity to increase competition and improve the outlook for the consumer.

Chris Cargill is the President of Mountain States Policy Center, an independent research organization based in Idaho, Montana, Eastern Washington and Wyoming. Online at mountainstatespolicy.org.

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  1. Nike

    Not exactly sure what Mr. Cargill is smoking, but it appears to be laced with paraquat and a good dose of monopolistic propaganda. If we follow Mr. Cargill’s “logic” to his “logical” conclusion, why don’t we have just ONE large, east coast run grocery monopoly that dictates to us what we can buy, when we can buy it, where we can buy it, and especially how much we get to pay for stuff we don’t want in their limited offering of selections. A lot of us do NOT want to shop at Kroger because of the way they treated their employees during the scamdemic (same for Carhartt).

    For once, our so-called “representatives” in Congress, would be doing everybody a BIG favor by denying the monopolistic “merger” of Albertson – Kroger. Maybe the schools Mr. Cargill attended didn’t teach anything about the Robber Barons and their evil Trusts that quite often created economic disaster for everybody but the insiders at the New York City banks. There was a very good reason for the Trust-busting and the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. But, then again, nobody reads history….

  2. Susan

    What are the old sayings? Something along the lines of…

    “If you keep telling a lie loud enough, and long enough, people will believe it”

    or how about…

    “Make lemonade out of lemons”


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